Whenever he advances us to a higher degree, let us remember that every increase of the favors which we daily receive from him flows from this source, that it is his purpose to complete the work, of our salvation already commenced. Mark and Luke put this verse after the exposition of the parable of the sower. To the disciples, with a desire for spiritual knowledge, an interpretation was given, and their knowledge grew through the outward and inward revelation; the people, without this desire, did not hear the interpretation, consequently they had less and less spiritual apprehension of the truth they possessed as Jews, since they got further away from Christ who alone fulfilled and explained that truth. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/matthew-13.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/matthew-13.html. from him shall be taken away that which he hath, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. 1863-1878. 1897. For whosoever hath. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/matthew-13.html. This is a proper sense of the word εχειν in sacred and profane writers. Even that he hath; his present opportunities and privileges for knowing the truth. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. Commentary on Matthew 13:31-35 (Read Matthew 13:31-35 ) The scope of the parable of the seed sown, is to show that the beginnings of the gospel would be small, but its latter end would greatly increase; in this way the work of grace in the heart, the kingdom of … It was that they might be attentive to his doctrine, and not permit the seed of life to pass away unimproved, which ought to be cordially received, and take root in their minds. (St. Jerome) --- They rejected Jesus Christ, the fountain and corner-stone of virtue; all therefore they had acquired, or possessed, shall be taken from them, and given to the apostles. 2013. BibliographyCalvin, John. "Family Bible New Testament". The people, including even scribes and Pharisees, were as those that had few or none, and not using even the little that they had, were in danger of losing even that. "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". That he hath — The disciples had a receptive disposition, and so there was given to them the lesson and its explanation, the parable and its doctrine. According to Matthew. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pnt/matthew-13.html. He got into a boat and sat: Jesus sometimes used a boat as His “pulpit” (Mark 4:1). God gives grace for grace, that is, say some, where he finds one grace he gives another. BibliographyEdwards, Justin. So those who have already received the truth, and have repented and have come under the Kingly Rule of Heaven, will continue to receive more and more truth, because they are open to it. Those who have been made some spiritual progress will go on, and have greater knowledge. And the whole crowd stood on the beach. CHAPTER 13. If from want of taste for it we abandon spiritual communion with the Lord on His own day, the material benefit of bodily rest will slip from our hands. Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". The multiplied favors which are continually flowing from him to us, and the joyful progress which we make, spring from God’s contemplation of his own liberality, which prompts him to an uninterrupted course of bounty. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". To him that doth not so much come to hear me out of curiosity, and comprehends by his understanding something of my will, but hath a heart that embraces and receiveth me, so as he believeth in me. Here, however, it is viewed as a divine ordination, as a judicial retribution in continual operation under the divine administration. et tamen illud Perdidit infelix Totum Nil. But those whose hearts have not responded will receive nothing apart from what they receive in the form of parables, to interpret as they will, which will, unless their hearts are enlightened and they respond, eventually fade away, so that they are left with nothing because they have not truly received it and are really not interested. Matthew 13:12. 1700-1703. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". The way to have more light and grace is to make a diligent improvement of what is now granted to us. W. Arnot, Roots and Fruits of the Christian Life, p. 388. (Idem.) and he shall have more abundance; he shall have more grace, a more full, and clear, and distinct knowledge of me, and the things which concern my kingdom. 2 And great crowds gathered about him, so that he got into a boat and sat down. The Saviour here lays down a general principle of deep and solemn import, which all who hope to be saved would do well to ponder in their hearts. Matthew 13:12 "For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath." For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that which he hath. Matthew’s take is a bit different and a little easier to swallow. 1909-1922. But whosoever hath not: the truth of grace, nor a spiritual knowledge of Christ, nor any experience of the doctrines of the Gospel. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Genus). 1999. Matthew 13 New King James Version (NKJV) The Parable of the Sower. Matthew 13:3 The Sower. James 1:7. The faithless Jew was sinking down to the level of a superstitious heathen. Applied more generally in chap. but whosoever hath not — who lets this go or lie unused, as a thing on which he sets no value. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". 38. Abuse of privileges justly produces their withdrawment. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/matthew-13.html. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. whosoever hath, &c. Figure of speech Paroemia. By it, he who hath,—he who not only hears with the ear, but understands with the heart, has more given to him; and it is for this main purpose undoubtedly that the Lord spoke parables: to be to His Church revelations of the truth and mysteries of His Kingdom. Hence the branch itself was to be removed from the vine. As a great ethical principle, we see it in operation everywhere, under the general law of habit; in virtue of which moral principles become stronger by exercise, while by disuse, or the exercise of their contraries, they wax weaker, and at length expire, The same principle reigns in the intellectual world, and even in the animal-if not in the vegetable also-as the facts of physiology sufficiently prove. Matthew 13 English Standard Version (ESV) The Parable of the Sower. 1840-57. BibliographySchaff, Philip. 11,12. Whoever uses his opportunities will grow; whoever abuses them will lose them. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. The multitudes had been given the words of Moses and the prophets, yet they refused to see in them the beauties of the kingdom of heaven in predicted form. All other rights reserved. Matthew 13:12. ἔχει, hath) to have, signifies to be rich. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". Whosoever hath not. As a great ethical principle, we see it in operation everywhere, under the general law of habit; in virtue of which moral principles become stronger by exercise, while by disuse, or the exercise of their contraries, they wax weaker, and at length expire. Mark saith, Mark 4:11, Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all these things are done in parables. God shall unmask him, taking away his common gifts, or suffering him to fall into and be overcome by foul temptations. 12 For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath. This is a principle of immense importance, and, like other weighty sayings, appears to have been uttered by our Lord on more than one occasion, and in different connections. BibliographyIce, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". Matthew 13:12. his moral apothegm is here given only in Matt. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/matthew-13.html. 12 For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath … Hence, also let us learn to aim at progress throughout our whole life; for God grants to us the taste of his heavenly doctrine on the express condition, that we feed on it abundantly from day to day, till we come to be fully satiated with it. And he that hath not, even that which he hath shall be taken from him. Some here distinguish concerning the things which concern the kingdom of God. For whosoever hath, to him shall be given] sc. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/matthew-13.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/matthew-13.html. 2 And such large crowds gathered to him that he went aboard a boat and sat down, and all the crowd was standing on the beach.+ 3 Then he told them many things by illustrations,+ saying: “Look! Jesus says this is unpardonable and in turn rejects Israel. E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. The Parable of the Weeds Explained. Let us illustrate this doctrine by a reference: I. 4 And as he sowed, some seed fell on the path, and birds came and ate it … For whosoever hath — that is, keeps; as a thing which he values. Matthew 13 is the thirteenth chapter in the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament section of the Christian Bible.Verses 3 to 52 of this chapter form the third of the Five Discourses of Matthew, called the Parabolic Discourse, based on the parables of the Kingdom. from him shall be taken away, even that he hath, or "that which he seemed to have", as Luke expresses it; for everything besides true grace is a mere show, and has no solidity in it; as natural parts, human learning, and a form of knowledge and of truth in the law, the national church state of the Jews, with all the outward privileges appertaining thereunto, all which may be here meant; and even speculative notions of the Gospel, the external gifts of the Spirit, the means of grace, the Gospel of the kingdom of God, and the ministry of it, which in process of time were wholly taken from these people. BibliographyNicoll, William R. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". The contrast between the two cases in question is not to be regarded as consisting in uti and non uti (Grotius), being willing and not being willing (Schegg). (605)— ὅστις οὐκ ἔχει, whosoever hath not) The conjunction ὅτι (because), in Matthew 13:13, refers to this, and μήποτε (lest at any time), in Matthew 13:15, to ἀρθήσεται (shall be taken away).— καὶ ὃ ἔχει, even that which he hath) shall be taken away.— ἀρθήσεται, shall be taken away) Even though he hear, yet he shall not hear; and that which he hath heard shall at length (undoubtedly after the judgment) be so taken away from him, that he shall be as if he had never heard anything. Legg. 1879-90. Living the Questions Questions have a way of marking important moments and events. Matthew 13:12. his moral apothegm is here given only in Matt. The same principle reigns in the intellectual world, and even in the animal—if not in the vegetable also—as the facts of physiology sufficiently prove. God manifested in the flesh is the great mystery of the gospel, the mystery hid from ages, yet I am sure the knowledge of Christ as such is necessary to salvation. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/matthew-13.html. The weeds are the people of the evil one, 39 … In 1 Corinthians 11:22, τους μη εχοντας, those who have not, means simply The Poor: and Aristophanes uses τους εχοντας, those that have, for the Rich or Opulent. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". 10 And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables? Equally appropriate is the statement of Luke, that the gifts, with which they have been endued, are corrupted by them, so that they shine only in the eyes of men, but have nothing more than splendor and empty display. 1891. Matthew 13:12, ESV: "For to the one who has, more will be given, and he will have an abundance, but from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away." To me, this Scripture above is just saying, again, that if we have the Spirit of God within us, our understanding will grow and grow. By them, he who hath not, in whom there is no spark of spiritual desire nor meetness to receive the engrafted word, has taken from him even that which he hath (“seemeth to have,” Luke); even the poor confused notions of heavenly doctrine which a sensual and careless life allow him, are further bewildered and darkened by this simple teaching, into the depths of which he cannot penetrate so far as even to ascertain that they exist. "E.W. It contains a great truth, whether spoken or not on this occasion. Matthew is presenting Jesus as the King and part of Jesus’ mission was to proclaim the arrival or imminence of the kingdom. Only with the Spirit of God can we really understand the parables, but He has to give us the understanding. Matthew 13:3 And he spake many things unto them in parables, saying, Behold, a sower went forth to sow; Matthew 13:4 And when he sowed, some … It contains a great truth, whether spoken or not on this occasion. So it is with today’s lesson. We read again, (Matthew xxv. John Trapp Complete Commentary. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. In ch. but because they make no more use of them, than if they had them not. So those who devote not the light and power which God has given them to the purposes for which he has granted these gifts, from them shall be taken away these unemployed or prostituted blessings. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". There is one example in Juvenal, Sat. Something like that law, our Lord tells His disciples, is to be found in the conditions of spiritual growth in wisdom. No desire for spiritual knowledge. those things which are necessary to be known in order to our salvation are delivered plainly, so as we may understand them. 2 And great multitudes were gathered together to Him, so that He got into a boat and sat; and the whole multitude stood on the shore. The Parable of the Sower Explained 18 “You, then, listen to the parable of the sower: # Mk 4:13-20; Lk 8:11-15 19 When anyone hears the word # Gk logos = word, or message, or saying, or thing about the kingdom and doesn’t understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what was sown in his heart. BibliographyBurkitt, William. Christ pursues the subject which I have just mentioned; for he reminds his disciples how kindly God acts towards them, that they may more highly prize his grace, and may acknowledge themselves to be under deeper obligations to his kindness. Matthew 13:1 The same day went Jesus out of the house, and sat by the sea side. He had one small bed, six little pitchers, the ornament of a side-board; a small jug or tankard, the image of a centaur, and an old chest with some Greek books in it, on which the mice had already begun to make depredations. 2. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". Because it is given to you, &c; For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: from him shall be taken away even that which he hath. 1832. 4 And as he sowed, some … 36 Then He left the crowds and went into the house. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. The Jews had many opportunities of learning the truth, and some light still lingered among them; but they were gross and sensual, and misimproved them, and it was a just judgment that they should be deprived of them. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". Because it is given to you, &c; given by my Father: God, according to the good pleasure of his will, hath given to some persons to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God, more than to others. Matthew 13:12—Is God unfair in giving to those who have? The evil spirits hovering round press like air upon the privilege; the moment they find the room empty they rush in. Jesus had told the disciples that it was not given to the multitudes to know the mysteries of the kingdom, and in this verse he begins to tell them why. We would think it impossible to take from a man something that he hath not, hence we must look for some figurative or accommodative use of this language. (See on Matthew 25:9). Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. "The Fourfold Gospel". But whosoever hath not: the truth of grace, nor a spiritual knowledge of Christ, nor any experience of the doctrines of the Gospel. Whosoever hath — That is, improves what he hath, uses the grace given according to the design of the giver; to him shall be given - More and more, in proportion to that improvement. Mark 13:12 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Mark 13:12, NIV: "Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child.Children will rebel against their parents and have them put to death." He does not forsake the work of his own hand, With the knowledge you have already acquired, you are ever penetrating more deeply and fully into the things of God’s kingdom; the multitude, on the other hand, would lose altogether the little capacity it has for understanding divine truth, unless I were to assist its weak powers of apprehension by parabolic illustrations. And then, as Manoah believed (before the angel vanished in the sacrifice) and sought no such sign to confirm him, yet had it; so God will heap favours upon them, and every former shall be a pledge of a future. Consider, says our Lord, what you hear; and then, if they make due progress, he holds out the expectation of more plentiful grace: it shall be added to you that hear Lastly, follows the clause which agrees with the words of Matthew, but is inserted in the middle of a sentence which I expounded under the seventh chapter of Matthew; (185) for it is not probable that they are here placed in their proper order. Shall be given — Namely, the truth which he is willing to receive. Whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath - That is, the poor man: he that has little may be easily made a prey of, and so lose his little. Matthew 13:10-17. 11 He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". BibliographyClarke, Adam. Matthew 13:45, 46 A Great Bargain. And His disciples came to Him and said, “Explain to us the parable of the tares of the field.” 37 And He said, “The one who sows the good seed is the Son of Man, 38 and the field is the world; and as for the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom; and the tares are the sons of the evil one; 39 and the enemy who sowed them is … 13 You said in your heart, "I will ascend to the heavens; I will raise my throne above the stars of God; I will sit enthroned on the mount of assembly, on the utmost heights of Mount Zaphon. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/matthew-13.html. Follow Desiring God on Twitter. Matthew 13:34—Did Jesus always speak in parables or not? He who ‘has’, to him will be given, and he will be given more and more. And why? "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". This use of the passive in a neuter sense belongs to late Greek. But at least they will not be ‘Gospel-hardened’. He that hath the saving knowledge of the mysteries of the kingdom of God. 1859. whosoever. Matthew 13:22 Context. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. Hath not; hath not knowledge, because he hath neither love towards me nor desire to know my truth. This may appear to be a harsh expression; but instead of saying, that what the ungodly have not is taken from them, Luke softens the harshness and removes the ambiguity by a slight change of the words: and whosoever hath not, even that which he thinketh that he hath shall be taken from him. 13 On that day Jesus left the house and was sitting by the sea. The same principle reigns in the intellectual world, and even in the animal - if not in the vegetable also - as the facts of physiology sufficiently prove. How can that be? The fault will not be with God, it will be with them. Hath; hath some knowledge of these mysteries. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/matthew-13.html. It gave Him a place to speak, away from the press of the crowds, provided good acoustics, and probably a nice backdrop.i. "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". And great multitudes were gathered together to Him, so that He got into a boat and sat; and the whole multitude stood on the shore. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". The same words he afterwards repeats, but in a different sense, (Matthew 25:29;) for on that occasion the discourse relates to the lawful use of gifts. 1974. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". 19 When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart.This is he which received seed by the way side. Matthew 13:25 Lit tares. (See the note at Matthew 25:9.) https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/matthew-13.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/matthew-13.html. Whosoever hath — That is, hath a willing and receptive disposition and purpose. Matthew 13:5, 6 The Seed Upon a Rock. 3 * And he spoke to them at length in parables, * saying: “A sower went out to sow. BibliographyAlford, Henry. such an example cannot be found on earth. (Bruner) 1874-1909. For the construction, vide at Matthew 10:14.— περισσευθήσεται: again in Matthew 25:29, where the saying is repeated. For whosoever hath, to him shall be given,.... Whoever has the true grace of God implanted in him, has a saving knowledge of Christ, and a spiritual acquaintance with the doctrines of the Gospel, shall have more grace given him; he shall grow in the knowledge of Christ, and the Spirit of truth shall lead him into all truth: and he shall have more abundance: of grace, light, knowledge, and experience: all grace shall be made to abound towards him; he shall be filled with all the fulness of God, and shall arrive to the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ; and his light shall shine more and more unto the perfect day. But such as are incredulous, and resist my words, like the Pharisees and other Jews, so far from being enriched with the spiritual gifts in my kingdom, shall even be deprived of the benefits they now possess. His gifts and parts shall decay, his moral righteousness will abate by God’s just dereliction of him, and withholding his restraining grace. Those classes in a great city who most fully employ the Sabbath for its higher ends must fully enjoy its subordinate benefits; those who renounce the spiritual lose the temporal too. "People's New Testament". 1871-8. 1. An opportunity—UNUSED—turns into a punishment. Compare Matthew 25:29. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. He who hath rejoices in this as his distinguishing criterion, viz. from him shall be taken away even that he hath — or as it is in Luke (Luke 8:18), “what he seemeth to have,” or, thinketh he hath. Only, Matthew 8:18, he saith. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". 13 That same day Jesus went out of the house and sat beside the sea. "Sermon Bible Commentary". vi. And all this he lost; probably by continuing, in spite of his destiny, to be a poet. On the same day Jesus went out of the house and sat by the sea. To nations. But whosoever hath not — Improves it not, from him shall be taken even what he hath - Here is the grand rule of God's dealing with the children of men: a rule fixed as the pillars of heaven. A useful illustration of the subject is in John 15:2. In Popish countries generally, and in some that are nominally Protestant, you may see the operation of the law in its threatening aspect. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/matthew-13.html. There is a more general and confused knowledge of a thing; and there is a more distinct, clear, particular knowledge. Ver. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". 12.] 1905. Matthew 13:11 Things which humans cannot know or discover on their own unless God reveals it to them. There fortune smiles on the fortunate, and nothing succeeds like success. Bibliography"Commentary on Matthew 13:12". The Parable of the Sower. Those who do not have a great desire to please God (Matthew 5:6), will lose their ability to respond to God. He begins Jesus' ministry with the Sermon on the Mount (chapters 5-7), the first of five major teaching sections (see also 10:5 – 11:1; 13:1-53; 18:1 – 19:1; 24:3 – 26:1). The same saying is found in Matthew 25:29 (the talents) and Luke 19:26 (the pounds). This use of the passive in a neuter sense belongs to late Greek. But he that hath not, from him shall be taken away even that which he hath. See the parables of the talents, Matthew xxv, and Luke xix. "'Tis true, poor Codrus Nothing had to boast, And yet poor Codrus All that Nothing lost.". A sower went out to sow.+ 4 As he was sowing, some seeds fell alongside the road, and the birds came … BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. 9 Who hath ears to hear, let him hear. Matthew 25:29, the fuller meaning of this saying, as applied not only to hearing, but to the whole spiritual life, is brought out by our Lord. Follow Desiring God on Facebook. Those whom he has once begun to form are continually polished more and more, till they are at length brought to the highest perfection. Knowing the explanation of this parable as explained in Matthew 13:36-43, we understand why Jesus said it right after explaining the parable of the sower, especially with the seed that grew up among the thorns. On the other hand, Christ declares that the reprobate are continually proceeding from bad to worse, till, at length exhausted, they waste away in their own poverty. Every branch had been given an opportunity to bear increase but it did not do so. 1488. 12 How you have fallen from heaven, morning star, son of the dawn! A rule of God’s dealings with men, holding good even in the lower forms of creation; here to be applied to knowledge of spiritual things. Hath not — Hath not the receptivity. And possibly, parables were a way to get into that hardness and make a difference. In Matthew 13:10-17, Jesus explains the purpose of parables.It is not to expand the meaning, but to hide the meaning from the people whom He did not want to understand. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/matthew-13.html. For the construction, vide at Matthew 10:14.— περισσευθήσεται: again in Matthew 25:29, where the saying is repeated. For whoever has, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whoever has not, from him shall be taken away even that he has. 1685. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/matthew-13.html. 36 Then he left the crowd and went into the house. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". Here, however, it is viewed as a divine ordination, as a judicial retribution in continual operation under the divine administration. “For whoever has, to him will be given, and he will have abundance, but whoever has not, from him will be taken away even what he has.”. Those who have made some progress, will find still more. Follow us. The damned shall be tortured with ignorance, and the thirst for knowledge. The phrase: from him shall be taken away that which he hath, points to a seeming or supposed knowledge. In the medley of sounds which constitutes the hum of Paris on the Lord's Day, a Christian distinguishes with sadness the clatter of the mechanic's tool. BibliographyBengel, Johann Albrecht. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Matthew 25:1-13 EXEGESIS: MATTHEW 23-25. 13 On the same day Jesus went out of the house and sat by the sea. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/matthew-13.html. To Him that hath shall be given—a law of the Christian Sabbath. It is located physically in the center of the Gospel according… Romans 13:12 Further Study. Thus the Jews were deprived of their temple, priesthood, kingdom, and even the true worship of God. When Jesus taught from … Matthew 13: Matthew 13:12. 1832. 1897-1910. Such shall become spiritually dwarfed, and lose even their capacity for spiritual things; a truth constantly illustrated. Now what was this Nothing which, the poet said, Codrus had and lost? Matthew 13:51 A Clear Understanding. Matthew 13:10-17. ... for even the disciples did not understand the meaning of the parables until Jesus had them to himself and explained them. V. p. 172; Bornemann, ad Xen. This means that those who had perceptive and willing hearts and truly desired to know God's will could, by proper application, know more of the kingdom of heaven and thus be richly rewarded; but that those who did not have such character would consider the parables as mere riddles and so lose their chance to know the Lord. Why Parables? "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". For the construction, vide at Matthew 10:14.— περισσευθήσεται: again in Matthew 25:29, where the saying is repeated. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT Matthew's is a teaching Gospel. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Matthew is therefore justified in saying that they have nothing; for what they have is of no value in the sight of God, and has no permanency within. The Expositor's Greek Testament. Here, however, it is viewed as a divine ordination, as a judicial retribution in continual operation under the divine administration. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/matthew-13.html. Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. It is curiously true of any parable that to him that hath, namely, the key, to him shall be given, namely, the meaning. For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath. Will be given more. This is the climax of the rejection by the leadership. No practical comment on the latter part of this saying can be more striking, than that which is furnished to our day by the study of the German rationalistic (and, I may add, some of our English harmonistic) Commentators; while at the same time we may rejoice to see the approximate fulfilment of the former in such commentaries as those of Olshausen, Neander, Stier, and Trench. Then He spoke many things to them in parables,a. A natural question now is in regard to the present day. Whosoever hath, to him shall be given - This is an allusion to a common custom in all countries: he who possesses much or is rich, to such a person, presents are ordinarily given. Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables. Matthew 13:12 More and More or Less and Less. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.Original work done by Ernie Stefanik. The manner in which Mark introduces this sentence has some appearance of confusion. BibliographyPett, Peter. iii. 1983-1999. "For whoever has, to him more shall be given, and he will have an abundance; but whoever does not have, even what he has shall be taken away from him. If there were any land in which the higher uses of the Sabbath were universally understood and enjoyed, we should be able to show there, in their full measure, the temporal benefits with which it is charged; but, alas! It contains a great truth, whether spoken or not on this occasion. (Psalms 138:8.). 1871-8. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/matthew-13.html. (183) But here he simply teaches, that more is given to the apostles than to the generality of men, because the heavenly Father is pleased to display in perfection his kindness towards them. Take heed therefore how ye hear: for whosoever hath, to him shall be given; and whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he seemeth to have. The Evangelists, as we have remarked on former occasions, were not very exact in arranging Christ’s discourses, but frequently throw together a variety of sayings uttered by him. The nation that gives up the day to pleasure does not retain the day for rest. Certain keys unlock parables, and if we do not have the keys, we will miss the … This is a principle of immense importance, and, like other weighty sayings, appears to have been uttered by our Lord on more than one occasion, and in different connections. Matthew 13 is a chapter that is filled with many parables. (Witham) --- He that hath, to him shall be given the knowledge of the mysteries of the kingdom of God. In this saying of the Lord is summed up the double force—the revealing and concealing properties of the parable. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". II. I cannot agree to this notion. Those who do not value the higher uses of the Sabbath will fail to attain the lower. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". See Ex 12:15 for the first mention of leaven in the Old Testament. And as his riches are inexhaustible, (184) so he is never wearied with enriching his children. These are doctrines of the Kingdom disguised as parables. Matthew 14 https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/matthew-13.html. Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament. From him that improves them not, it is proper that they should be taken away. That also which he thinketh he hath. that he is one that hath, and becomes day by day more sure of perseverance.— περισσευθήσεται, he shall be rendered more abundant(604)) and shall surpass his former self. This is a principle of immense importance, and, like other weighty sayings, appears to have been uttered by our Lord on more than one occasion, and in different connections. For this people's heart is waxed gross, &c,] Or fat, become stupid and sottish, and without understanding; and so incapable of taking in the true sense and meaning of what they saw with their eyes, and heard with their ears; for they had their outward senses of hearing and seeing, and yet their intellectual powers were stupefied. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". "The Bible Study New Testament". “Beware,” he says, “lest what has been given be taken away from you, if it yield no fruit.”. (12) Whosoever hath, to him shall be given.—The words have the ring of a proverb applicable, in its literal meaning, to the conditions of worldly prosperity. I therefore think the emphasis lieth upon know. The law holds good in the experience of individuals as well as in that of communities and classes. Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed. Jesus began his public ministry in this Gospel with a lengthy discourse that we call the Sermon on the Mount (chapters 5-7), and he closes Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. Luke mixes this sentence with other discourses of Christ spoken at different times, and likewise points out a different purpose for which Christ used these words. College Press, Joplin, MO. As a great ethical principle, we see it in operation everywhere, under the general law of habit; in virtue of which moral principles become stronger by exercise, while by disuse, or the exercise of their contraries, they wax weaker, and at length expire. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. See the note on Luke 8:18. And the whole Gospel is a parable to him whose heart has not the key. Matthew 25:29; Mark 4:25; Luke 8:18; 19:26. But whosoever hath not, hath not the seed of God, a true root of grace, in whom the seed of my word hath not fallen as in good ground, but only as in the highway, or in thorny or stony ground. If he have it for practice, not else, Zechariah 11:17. to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance — He will be rewarded by an increase of what he so much prizes. Men, to the hearing of the word, must bring with them the loan and advantage of former doctrine communicated to them, if they mean to do any good of it. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. He closes - Matthew only in this context, but found in the parallel passages shortly after the explanation of this parable - Mark 4:25; Luke 8:18. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Matthew 5:1-12 EXEGESIS: MATTHEW 5-7. 29.) The Jewish cavillers had not the receptive willingness, and so even that which they had was taken from them, namely, the opportunity of learning. Shall be given: that is expounded by the next words. Matthew 25:29. to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance—He will be rewarded by an increase of what he so much prizes. Jesus repeated this principle in the Parable of the Three Servants (Matthew 25:29). The weekly Sabbath, where its spiritual uses are lost, becomes a loathsome thing. To him that hath the seed of God in him as in good ground. Learn, That where there are beginnings of true grace, and a right and wise improvement of it, God will make rich additions or more grace to the present stock which we have received. Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all these things are done in parables. Matthew’s story has from the beginning drawn us in with the good news announcement of salvation that is to be for us in this one who as “Immanuel — God with us” will “save his people … Continue reading "Commentary on Matthew 16:13-20" 38 The field is the world, and the good seed stands for the people of the kingdom. 20 But he that received the seed into stony places, the same is he that heareth the word, and anon with joy receiveth it; 21 Yet hath he not root in himself, but … The five preceding lines tell you. There is a mere notional knowledge, and there is a more effective, experimental knowledge. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/matthew-13.html. One passage helps to expound another: so that each of these texts, with a little reflection, will be found true; and such a truth, as ought to be a subject of fear and apprehension to all that are negligent and indolent in the service of God. III. It was either withheld, or wrapped in unexpressed enigmas. (St. John Chrysostom). This seems to have been a proverbial mode of speech, which our Lord here uses to inform his disciples, that he who does not improve the first operations of grace, howsoever small, is in danger of losing not only all the possible product, but even the principal; for God delights to heap benefits on those who properly improve them. 3 Then He spoke many things to them in parables, saying: “Behold, a sower went out to sow. BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. BibliographyWesley, John. BibliographyJ. Matthew 13:15. Only with the Spirit of God can we really understand the parables, but He has to give us the understanding. BibliographyZerr, E.M. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". To you my Father hath given eternal life, and, as means in order to it, to know more clearly, particularly, and distinctly the things that concern the kingdom of God; to know and to believe in me, who am the Saviour of the world: my Father hath no such special and particular kindness for the generality of this people, and therefore he hath not given to them the same aids and assistance. 1914. But whosoever hath not (who lets this go or lie unused, as a thing on which he sets no value) from him shall be taken away even that he hath - or as it is in Luke (Luke 8:18), "what he seemeth to have" [ ho (Greek #3588) dokei (Greek #1380) echein (Greek #2192)], or 'thinketh he hath.' They had some elements of that wisdom, and therefore, using their knowledge rightly, could pass on to more. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. 12. For the passive περισσεύεσθαι, to be in possession of a superabundance, see on Luke 15:17. ὅστις ἔχει is the nominative absolute, as in Matthew 7:24, Matthew 10:14. ἔχειν and οὐκ ἔχειν, in the sense of rich and poor, is likewise very common in classical authors, Ast, ad Plat. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". Now it was certainly just to keep them still in the dark as to those beauties (mysteries) until such time as the whole world would have a full description of the system in detail. BibliographyGill, John. Luke saith no more than, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables. Others may, from his gifts and parts, think he hath. The reason of God's action spoken of in the preceding verse. For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: by him that hath, some understand, he that hath and maketh use of what he hath, and that is plainly the sense of it Matthew 25:29, where it is the epiparabola, or conclusion of the parable about the talents. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/matthew-13.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/matthew-13.html. We are living in difficult and evil times, but that should not prevent us from doing what it right. You have been cast down to the earth, you who once laid low the nations! "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". Anab. BibliographyMeyer, Heinrich. THE CONTEXT Chapters 23-25 are Jesus' final discourse (lengthy speech or teaching) in this Gospel. Matthew 13. It is a practical knowledge of which the Saviour speaks, implying love towards him, and a desire to understand the truths which he taught. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. Lectus erat Codro Procula minor, urceoli sex, Ornamentum abaci; necnon et parvulus infra. 4 And as he sowed, some seeds fell along … Classes. Matthew 13:2 And great multitudes were gathered together unto him, so that he went into a ship, and sat; and the whole multitude stood on the shore. Mark 13:12, ESV: "And brother will deliver brother over to death, and the father his child, and children will rise against parents and have them put to death." Romans 13:12(NASB) Verse Thoughts. But His present purpose in speaking them, as further explained below, was the quality possessed by them, and declared in the latter part of this verse, of hiding their meaning from the hard-hearted and sensual. xxv., No. Take heed therefore how ye hear: for whosoever hath, to him shall be given; and whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he seemeth to have. from him shall be taken away even that which he hath. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. Take heed therefore how ye hear: for whosoever hath, to him shall be given; and whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he seemeth to have. It is based on the following principle. But whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath. 12.For whosoever hath, it shall be given to him. Matthew 13:12. We are called to live our lives and share the good news of the gospel in spirit and truth. Because it is given to you, &c; For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: from him shall be taken away even that which he hath. He that hath not a truth of grace may think he hath: his hope and opinion of himself shall fail. It means that a man who improves what light, grace, and opportunities he has, shall have them increased. a 2 Such large crowds gathered around him that he got into a boat and sat down, and the whole crowd stood along the shore. Matthew 13:12. his moral apothegm is here given only in Matt. From him shall be taken away even that he hath] That he seems to have, saith St Luke, for indeed all that he hath is but a seeming, a semblance, he walketh in a vain show, he hath only the varnish of virtue, which God shall wash off with rivers of brimstone. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/matthew-13.html. Answer: It must not be understood of things in the same nature and kind; Luke expounds it, Matthew 8:18, by o dokei ecein, that which either to himself or to others he seemeth to have. Matthew 13:30 Wheat in the Barn. He that hath, therefore, in all reason signifies, he that hath that which, Matthew 13:11, is said to be given. BibliographyTrapp, John. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Reference: Matthew 13:12.—Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. Matthew 13:3 A short story that illustrates a moral or religious principle. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath -, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, from him shall be taken away, even that he hath, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance, from him shall be taken away even that he hath. And indeed it frequently happens, that the reprobate are endued with eminent gifts, and appear to resemble the children of God: but there is nothing of real value about them; for their mind is destitute of piety, and has only the glitter of an empty show. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/matthew-13.html. 1 * On that day, Jesus went out of the house and sat down by the sea. Go to. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. John Piper Sep 18, 1983 187 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Learn more about Desiring God Desiring God. Cantharus, et recubans sub eodem marmore Chiron; Jamque vetus Graecos servabat cista libellos. 3 And he told them many things in parables, saying: “A sower went out to sow. 1952. The only way of keeping the world out of our Sabbath is to keep Christ in. (See on [1288]Mt 25:9). In Matthew 13:10-17, Jesus explains the purpose of parables.It is not to expand the meaning, but to hide the meaning from the people whom He did not want to understand. BibliographyJohnson, Barton W. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". The proverb accordingly teaches the same lesson as that which we afterwards find developed in the parables of the Talents and the Pounds. Matthew 13:12 Context. 1765. From those who have not kept the Sabbath holy the weekly rest has been taken away. Shall be given; more knowledge. Matthew 13:12 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Matthew 13:12, NIV: "Whoever has will be given more, and they will have an abundance.Whoever does not have, even what they have will be taken from them." 37 He answered, “The one who sowed the good seed is the Son of Man. This use of the passive in a neuter sense belongs to late Greek. In this instance the saying is used with reference to spiritual possessions, and is applied thus: With the knowledge you have already acquired, you are ever penetrating more deeply and fully into the things of God’s kingdom; the multitude, on the other hand, would lose altogether the little capacity it has for understanding divine truth, unless I were to assist its weak powers of apprehension by parabolic illustrations. Certain keys unlock parables, and if we do not have the keys, we will miss the … His disciples came to him and said, “Explain to us the parable of the weeds in the field.”. American Tract Society. But there are other things that belong to his kingdom not so necessary to be known in order to salvation, these God giveth to some only to know. Superior knowledge was given to the disciples of Christ: they improved it, however slowly, and the promise was that it should be greatly increased. Proverbial saying derived from the experience of ordinary life (Matthew 25:29): The wealthy man will become still richer even to superabundance; while the poor man, again, will lose the little that still remains to him; see Wetstein. l. 208, 209, that expresses the whole of our Lords meaning, and is a beautiful illustration of this apparently difficult passage. ... Matthew 6:12. Copyright StatementThe New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. (Proverbs 28:9, Matthew 13:10-17) This thirteenth chapter of Matthew occupies both physically and spiritually a central position in the Gospel of salvation. Jesus answered them, "To you it has been granted to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been granted. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/matthew-13.html. For, as St. Augustine observes, they who have received graces and favours from God, and have not made good use and profited by them, they may be said not to have them, although they are not yet take from them. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12". Matthew uses ‘hoti’ translated as “because.” Matthew’s account suggests that Jesus spoke in parable because the hearts of those who rejected him were already hard. 6. from him shall be taken away, even that he hath, or "that which he seemed to have", as Luke expresses it; for everything besides true grace is a mere show, and has no solidity in it; as natural parts, human learning, and a form of knowledge and of truth in the law, the national church state of the Jews, with all the outward privileges appertaining thereunto, all which may be here meant; and even speculative notions of the Gospel, the external gifts of the Spirit, the means of grace, the Gospel of the kingdom of God, and the ministry of it, which in process of time were wholly taken from these people. When the Lord is banished from His day, the adversary takes possession of it, and makes it the period of heaviest drudgery to his slaves. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. "Commentary on Matthew 13:12".